Articles listing is a component that shows preview-cards with articles data.
Articles are only searched under a certain path that is manageble through dialog configuration.
You can disable automatic-promotion for the articles though a 'Promoted articles' tab in the dialog. Checking this checkbox will allow you to only use default listing behavior without specifically-stylized 'Promoted articles' on top of the component. (use this page for reference)
There's also a 'Filtering' dialog tab that allows authors to set Filtering tag to only show articles that have that tag applied to them. Useful for building category pages.